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Daniel Frey

Contact Info

room 5-321A

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

77 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139


  • 1987


  • 1993


  • 1997



Research Interests

  • Robust Design
  • Design of Experiments
  • Numerical Computation

Honors + Awards

  • 1997 R&D 100 Award (Software for Virtual Machining)
  • 1999 Baker Teaching Award     
  • 2000 Aero/Astro Teaching Award    
  • 2005 NSF CAREER Award
  • 2005 Best paper on Systems Engineering Process, International Council on Systems Engineering Symposium
  • 2006 Junior Bose Award for Excellence in Teaching
  • 2006 Joseph A. Martore Contribution to ESD Education Award    
  • 2007 Best paper on design theory and methodology, ASME DETC
  • 2007 George Foster Peabody Award to Design Squad Season #1
  • 2009 The Ruth and Joel Spira Award for Distinguished Teaching
  • 2010 R&D 100 Award (Leveraged Freedom Chair)
  • 2011 IEEE Outstanding Paper Award, International Conference on Quality and Reliability
  • 2012 Best Paper, ASEE Conf. on Engineering Educ.
  • 2013 Best paper in Advanced Vehicle Technology, ASME DETC
  • 2013 ASME Fellow
  • 2020 SAE Charles M. Manly Memorial Medal


  • American Society of Mechanical Engineers    
  • American Society for Engineering Education            
  • American Statistical Association        

Professional Service

  • Member, American Society of Engineering Education Working Group on Faculty Preparation and Development, 2008.
  • Visiting Committee Member, Mechanical Engineering Programme, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg Sweden, 2011 to present.
  • General Chair, Concurrent Engineering 2011 Conference, International Society of Productivity Enhancement, 2011.
  • Research in Engineering design, Area Editor, 2014-present.

MIT Service

  • 2008-2010 Undergraduate committee (Mechanical Eng.)    
  • 2008-2010 Subcommittee on the Communications Requirement    
  • 2008 - present BLOSSOMS program, co-Director //   
  • 2009 - present Electric Vehicle Team advisor            
  • 2011-2014 ROTC Oversight Committee    
  • 2012-2013 ESD Council            
  • 2013-present MIT Faculty Committee on Statistics            
  • 2013-present Delegate to the College Board            
  • 2013-present MIT Undergraduate Admissions Committee


  • 2.00A Fundamentals of Engineering Design
  • 2.086 Numerical Computation for Mechanical Engineers
  • 2.087 Engineering Mathematics: Differential Equations and Linear Algebra


  • Dym, C. L., A. M. Agogino, O. Eris, D. D. Frey, and L. J. Leifer, 2005, “Engineering Design Thinking, Teaching, and Learning,” ASEE Journal of Engineering Education 94(1):103-120.
  • Clausing, D. and D. D. Frey, 2005, “Improving System Reliability by Failure-Mode Avoidance Including Four Concept Design Strategies,” Systems Engineering (INCOSE) 8(3):245-261.
  • Magee, C. L., and D. D. Frey, 2006, “Experimentation and its Role in Engineering Design: Linking a Student Design Exercise to New Results from Cognitive Psychology,” International Journal of Engineering Education 22(3):478-488.
  • Frey, D. D., and R. Jugulum, 2006, “The Mechanisms by which Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Experimentation Leads to Improvement,” ASME Journal of Mechanical Design 128:1050-60.
  • Frey, D. D., and H. Wang, 2006, “Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Experimentation and Expected Value of Improvement”, Technometrics 48(3):418-31.**
  • Singh, J., D. D. Frey, and N. Soderborg, 2006, “Noise Strategy in Robust Design: What Aspects of Noise Factors are Important in Quality Engineering?” Quality Engineering 18:367-377.**
  • Frey, D. D., and M. Wolsky, 2006, “Engaging Children in Engineering Design Through Popular Media,” (guest editorial) ASME Journal of Mechanical Design 128(3):513-515.
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  • 2.24.    Li, X., N. Sudarsanam, and D. D. Frey, 2006, “Regularities in Data from Factorial Experiments,” Complexity 11(5):32-45
  • Frey, D. D., J. Palladino, J. P. Sullivan, and M. Atherton, 2007, “Part Count and Design of Robust Systems,” Systems Engineering (INCOSE) 10(3), pp. 203-221.
  • Frey, D. D., and N. Sudarsanam, 2008, “An Adaptive One-factor-at-a-time Method for Robust Parameter Design: Comparison with Crossed Arrays via Case Studies,” ASME Journal of Mechanical Design 130(2)915-928 **
  • Frey, D. D., and X. Li, 2008, “Using Hierarchical Probability Models to Evaluate Robust Parameter Design Methods,” Journal of Quality Technology 40(1):1-19. **
  • Frey, D.D., P. M Herder, Y. Wijnia, E. Subramanian, K. Katsikopoulos, and D. P. Clausing, 2009, "The Pugh Controlled Convergence Method: Model-Based Evaluation and Implications for Design Theory," Research in Engineering Design 20(1):41-50.
  • Milani, A.S., H. Wang, D.D. Frey, and R.C. Abeyaratne, 2009, Evaluating Three DOE Methodologies: Optimization of a Composite Laminate under Fabrication Error, Quality Engineering 21(1):96-110.
  • Foster, C. R., R. Jugulum, and D. D. Frey, 2009, "Evaluating an Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Search Procedure within the Mahalanobis Taguchi System," International Journal of Industrial and Systems Engineering, 4(9):600-614. **  
  • Frey, D.D., P. M Herder, Y. Wijnia, E. Subramanian, K. Katsikopoulos, and D. P. Clausing, K. Oye, R. de Neufville, 2010, " Research in engineering design: the role of mathematical theory and empirical evidence," Research in Engineering Design 21(1):139-145.
  • Sudarsanam, Nandan, and D. D. Frey, 2011, “Using Ensemble Techniques to Advance Adaptive One-Factor-at-a-Time Experimentation,” Quality and Reliability Engineering International. 27(7):947-57. **
  • Frey, D. D., and B. Powers, 2012, "Designing Design Squad: Developing and Assessing a Television Program about Engineering," Journal of Precollege Engineering Education Research. 2(1): 1-20. **
  • Magee, C. L., K. L. Pey, J. Chen, J. Luo, and D. D. Frey, 2011, “Beyond R&D: What Design Adds to a Modern Research University,”  International Journal of Engineering Education 28(2).
  • Savoie, Troy B. and D. D. Frey, 2012, "Detecting Mistakes in Engineering Models: The Effects of Experimental Design," Research in Engineering Design 23:155-175.
  • Cardin, M.-A., Kolfschoten, G. L., de Neufville, R., Frey, D. D., de Weck, O. L., Geltner, D. M., 2013, “Empirical Evaluation of Procedures to Generate Flexibility in Engineering Systems and Improve Lifecycle Performance”, Research in Engineering Design 24:277-295.
  • Frey, D. D., 2013, "Discussion: Dimensional Analysis and Experimentation as a Catalyst to Learning from Data" Technometrics 55(3): 275-278.


  • Frey, D. D., and T. Hykes, 1997, "A method for virtual machining," patent #5,691,909.
  • Frey, D. D., E. S. Brown, and L. E. Carlson, 1998, "Locking mechanism for a voluntary closing prosthetic prehensor," patent #5,800,571.
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